THE OLIVE TREE OF MAGLIANO: The famous olive tree of Magliano is about three thousand two hundred years old! It is one of the oldest known olive trees in the world and with a circumference of more than 8 meters, it holds more than one legend. It is said that at the dawn of Christianity, around the plant were celebrated pagan festivals in honor of the cross-country deities. Other stories of the Middle Ages tell that under the olive tree of Magliano in the night of San Giovanni, traditionally linked to pagan rites, there was the meeting, with fauns and centaurs, of all the witches of the Maremma. The most famous of the legends tells of a particular witch who danced every Friday around the tree made the olive tree of Magliano assume the twisted shape that it has today.
THE GOD SATURN: Saturnia, whose oldest finds belong to the Neolithic, was probably founded by the legendary Pelasgi from the Arcadia. But the most popular myths are connected to the God Saturn. Certainly well known is what considers it the oldest city of Italy, founded by Saturn who, defeated in the Titanomachia, sought refuge in central Italy, of which it became the eponymous king. But the name of Saturn feeds other legends. One of them tells us that Jupiter, wanting to take his place at the head of all the gods, cast him from the throne and cast him from heaven. The old god fell and ended up on Earth, who welcomed him by opening a gap from which would immediately spring an almost miraculous source: the thermal springs or the Holy Bath. Another myth tells instead that the god Saturn, angry with men always at war, hurled a lightning strike on the Earth, originating a crater from which began to gush a warm water that enveloped the atmosphere of vapours. From those mists a new, wiser and more conscious humanity was born with Saturnia.
THE PALADIN ORLANDO: From the foundation onwards Saturnia lived all the passages of the territorial history, destructions and reconstructions, ancient and new powers, with traces sometimes superimposed, from the megalithic walls behind the Roman Gate to all the passages even in the Middle Ages, to reach the Grand Duchy of Tuscany and Italy. Certainly, its extraordinary thermal waters played an important role for all events and for the birth of myths and legends. A famous legend, born on the ancient “Bagno Secco” Roman, of which Saturnia still retains the remains, is based on the extraordinary powers of thermal waters and on the real hydrogeological phenomenon of shifting sources. It is the myth of Orlando and Rinaldo, champions of France, who left Paris towards Rome. When he reached the Hole of the paladins, Rinaldo mysteriously disappeared and Orlando went looking for him. so he came under the walls of Saturnia, in the hands of the infidels. His horse, Vegliantino, turned to him with the phrase «Stay strong, Orlando, do not be afraid, because Vegliantino will cross the walls». With a jump Orlando’s horse leapt over the walls of Saturnia, leaving on the pavement the footprint of the hoof still visible today, and he could attack the Saracen warriors. During the battle, however, the paladin noticed that the enemies, who had struck to death, soon reappeared before him alive and vegetal. He asked an explanation to an old woman who told him the secret: «inside Saturnia there is a miraculous spring and those who are wounded, even mortally, diving into that water heal». Then Orlando went to the miraculous spring and pronounced the words: «O bath that is inside Saturnia, go and heal!». The spring immediately dried up, to flow further down, away from the village. Since then, the dried-up Saturnine spring is called Dry Bath.
THE PETTY WARRIOR: Another legend connected to the waters of Saturnia is that of the Petty warrior. The legend tells of a child abandoned by his parents and later adopted. To this child the couple gave the name of Petty, because of the miserable conditions in which they had found him. They raised him well and he became a worthy warrior, so much so that he was appointed a Mean warrior. During a battle near Saturnia, really strange things happened: the more he wounded other men, the more they came back. These, in fact, bathed in the waters of a fairy spring and came out completely healed. Knowing of the spell, he turned to these waters and, angry, pronounced the words: «Come out and fight against me». The source, terrified, dried up and became the Dry Bath and the extraordinary waters gushed down into the ground where today there are the Baths.