histories

The butteri are for the Maremma like the Cowboys for the Far West: iconic figures, epic, very connected to cattle, to the territory. Riding from dawn to sunset, in all seasons, behind the herds, even in the most inaccessible territories, together with the animals in the struggle for survival.

The buttresses of today keep alive the traditions: they guide their horse with one hand, holding in the other hand the hook, the long-curved stick of the help for the work. The horse of the buttero is of Maremman breed, robust, tall to the withers beyond 165 cm, from the typical mantle bay or morello, reliable also in difficult routes. The saddle types are also traditional: “scafarda”, on a wooden arch, “bardella”; simpler and the “saddle with the dot”. 4 km away from the Podere Pagliaiolo, usually in July, the butteri di Pomonte organize the Sbraciata del buttero, with performances on horseback, scenes of peasant life and the tasty meat, cooked on fire as before. An experience to live at the Podere Pagliaiolo Guest House.

https://www.sagretoscane.com/sagre/gr/scansano/sbraciata-del-buttero.html The Association Butteri dell'’Alta Maremma organizes events, tournaments, performances that are a really terrific experience, even if they require to move around a little.

 

THE ROBBER TIBURZIA: politician of the time defined the Maremma brigandage, based on the social tensions of that time, "the savage and brutal protest of misery against ancient and secular injustices". The “King of Maremma”, Domenico Tiburzi, called by all "Dominican", was the most famous brigand of the area, become a legend among the inhabitants of the whole province of Grosseto. He was a Tuscan Robin Hood, he had established the “brigandage tax” against the nobles and rich landowners who held the agricultural economy of the area in hand. A popular hero, the good brigand who killed "so that the command not to kill was respected". He eliminated, in fact, those brigands who had distinguished themselves by their brutality, those who had failed to reduce themselves to more meek advice by persuasion. The Tiburzi made a good distinction between law and justice and he himself had appointed himself protector of justice even against the law of the state. He was unavoidable, protected by a large part of the population; he died late, in a raid by the Carabinieri. The parish priest of capalbio of the time did not want to bless the corpse and bury it in the cemetery. The population rose up and the compromise of a burial halfway between cemetery and road was reached. Even today the tomb of the brigand tiburzi testifies this eccentricity.

 

THE OLIVE TREE OF MAGLIANO:  The famous olive tree of Magliano is about three thousand two hundred years old! It is one of the oldest known olive trees in the world and with a circumference of more than 8 meters, it holds more than one legend. It is said that at the dawn of Christianity, around the plant were celebrated pagan festivals in honor of the cross-country deities. Other stories of the Middle Ages tell that under the olive tree of Magliano in the night of San Giovanni, traditionally linked to pagan rites, there was the meeting, with fauns and centaurs, of all the witches of the Maremma. The most famous of the legends tells of a particular witch who danced every Friday around the tree made the olive tree of Magliano assume the twisted shape that it has today.

THE GOD SATURN: Saturnia, whose oldest finds belong to the Neolithic, was probably founded by the legendary Pelasgi from the Arcadia. But the most popular myths are connected to the God Saturn. Certainly well known is what considers it the oldest city of Italy, founded by Saturn who, defeated in the Titanomachia, sought refuge in central Italy, of which it became the eponymous king. But the name of Saturn feeds other legends. One of them tells us that Jupiter, wanting to take his place at the head of all the gods, cast him from the throne and cast him from heaven. The old god fell and ended up on Earth, who welcomed him by opening a gap from which would immediately spring an almost miraculous source: the thermal springs or the Holy Bath. Another myth tells instead that the god Saturn, angry with men always at war, hurled a lightning strike on the Earth, originating a crater from which began to gush a warm water that enveloped the atmosphere of vapours. From those mists a new, wiser and more conscious humanity was born with Saturnia.

THE PALADIN ORLANDO: From the foundation onwards Saturnia lived all the passages of the territorial history, destructions and reconstructions, ancient and new powers, with traces sometimes superimposed, from the megalithic walls behind the Roman Gate to all the passages even in the Middle Ages, to reach the Grand Duchy of Tuscany and Italy. Certainly, its extraordinary thermal waters played an important role for all events and for the birth of myths and legends. A famous legend, born on the ancient “Bagno Secco” Roman, of which Saturnia still retains the remains, is based on the extraordinary powers of thermal waters and on the real hydrogeological phenomenon of shifting sources. It is the myth of Orlando and Rinaldo, champions of France, who left Paris towards Rome. When he reached the Hole of the paladins, Rinaldo mysteriously disappeared and Orlando went looking for him. so he came under the walls of Saturnia, in the hands of the infidels. His horse, Vegliantino, turned to him with the phrase «Stay strong, Orlando, do not be afraid, because Vegliantino will cross the walls». With a jump Orlando’s horse leapt over the walls of Saturnia, leaving on the pavement the footprint of the hoof still visible today, and he could attack the Saracen warriors. During the battle, however, the paladin noticed that the enemies, who had struck to death, soon reappeared before him alive and vegetal. He asked an explanation to an old woman who told him the secret: «inside Saturnia there is a miraculous spring and those who are wounded, even mortally, diving into that water heal». Then Orlando went to the miraculous spring and pronounced the words: «O bath that is inside Saturnia, go and heal!». The spring immediately dried up, to flow further down, away from the village. Since then, the dried-up Saturnine spring is called Dry Bath.

THE PETTY WARRIOR: Another legend connected to the waters of Saturnia is that of the Petty warrior. The legend tells of a child abandoned by his parents and later adopted. To this child the couple gave the name of Petty, because of the miserable conditions in which they had found him. They raised him well and he became a worthy warrior, so much so that he was appointed a Mean warrior. During a battle near Saturnia, really strange things happened: the more he wounded other men, the more they came back. These, in fact, bathed in the waters of a fairy spring and came out completely healed. Knowing of the spell, he turned to these waters and, angry, pronounced the words: «Come out and fight against me». The source, terrified, dried up and became the Dry Bath and the extraordinary waters gushed down into the ground where today there are the Baths.